Shockwaves are acoustic waves with an extremely high energy peak like ones which occur in the atmosphere after an explosive event such as a lightning strike or a sonic boom. A shockwave differs from ultrasound by its extremely large pressure amplitude. Additionally, ultrasound usually consists of a periodic oscillation, whereas a shockwave is a single pulse.
The term “shockwave therapy” refers to the mechanical pressure pulses that expand as a wave within the human body. Extracorporeal acoustic wave therapy (in contrast to lithotripsy) is not used to disintegrate tissues, but rather cause microscopic interstitial and extracellular biological effects which include tissue regeneration. In modern pain therapy, acoustic wave energy is conducted from the point of origin, which is the acoustic wave generator (via a coupling gel) to the body regions experiencing pain. Where, its healing capacity is applied.
Over time, acoustic wave has proven to be an effective and non-invasive method for the treatment of localized musculoskeletal pathology including epicondylitis, heel spur and plantar fasciitis, rotator cuff disorders, trigger points, variety of chronic tendinopathies and many other indications.